No. of Animals recorded/estimated (List):
22 green algae, 13 red and brown algae. The common green algae were Caulerpa racemosa, C. taxiformis, C. crassifolia, C. sertulariodes, Bryopsis indica, Chaetomorpha indiaca, Codium dwarkense, Halimeda macroloba, H, tuna, Ulva lactuca and Enteromorpha intestinalis. The commonly recorded red algae were Actinotrichia fragilis, Dictyota altromaria, Dictyopteris australis, Lyengaria stellata, Padina gymnospora and Sargassum polycystum. Among the brown algae, the common species were Amphiroa crassa, Champia indica, gelidiella acerosa, Gracellaria corticata, Halymenia verusota and Hypnea cervicornis were recorded. A total of 15 species of corals were recorded, out of which, M. foliosa, Montipora monasteriata, Goniopora planulata, Porites lutea, P. compressa, Favia speciosa, F, favus, Favia specicosa and Turbinaria crates were common forms. Among the marine invertebrates, 15 species of sponges, 2 species bryozoans, 2 species of sea anemones, 1 species of jelly fish, 7 species of zoantharians, 2 species of tube worms, 2 species of shrimp, 14 species of gastropods, 39 species of bivalve, 3 species of cephalopods, 2 species of nudibranch, 1 species of echinoderms, were recorded. Jackal, wolf, jungle cat, dogs also recorded. 4 species of reptiles. 2 variety of sea turtle abundant here. 54 species of avifauna also recorded here.
Bet Dwarka Island
No. of Plants/macroalgae recorded/estimated (List):
A total of 126 species were recorded. Island is sparsely covered with Prosopis chilensi, Euphorbia nivulia, Commiphora wightii, Grewia tenax, Salvadora persica, Capparis deciduas and Acacia nilotica. Tree species like Bauhihina Sp., Acacia nilotica, Acacia senegal, Prosopis cineraria, Salvadora oleoides and Cordia gharaf. Scrub species like Cadaba fruticosa, Capparis deciduas, Maerua oblongifolia, Grewia tenax, Maytenus emarginata and Zizyphus nummmularia. Sarcostemma acidium recorded to occur rarely. Other species like Leptodenia pyrotechnica, Clerodendrum multiforum, Grewia villosa, Crotolaria burhia and Lycium barburum were not so commonly recorded. In the herbaceous cover, commonly occurring species were Cleome viscose, Polygala erioptera, Polycarpaea spicata, Corchorus depressus, Alysiccarpus sp., Indigofera cordifolia and Boerhavia sp.
Area: 1012.5 ha
Population of Dwellers: 0
Threats to the Island:
Sedimentation, water quality problems, growing human population as well as tourisum pressure on the island. The impact of port activities at Okha add to the impact of pollution on reef fauna
Any other pertinent information:
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