No. of Animals recorded/estimated (List):
15 green algae, 13 red and 20 species of brown algae recorded here. The common green algae were Caulerpa racemosa, C. taxiformis, C. crassifolia, C. sertulariodes, Bryopsis indica, Chaetomorpha indiaca, Codium dwarkense, Halimeda macroloba, H, tuna, Ulva lactuca and Enteromorpha intestinalis. The commonly recorded red algae were Actinotrichia fragilis, Dictyota altromaria, Dictyopteris australis, Lyengaria stellata, Padina gymnospora and Sargassum polycystum. Among the brown algae, the common species were Amphiroa crassa, Champia indica, gelidiella acerosa, Gracellaria corticata, Halymenia verusota and Hypnea cervicornis were recorded. A total of 10 species of hard corals were recorded. Out of which, M. foliosa, Montipora monasteriata, M. explanata, Porites lutea, P. compressa, Favia speciosa, Favites complanata, Mycedium elephantotus, Cyphastrea serulia, Diploastrea heliopora, Favia maxima and Hydnophora exesa, T. peltata and Turbinaria crates were common forms. The soft corals recorded here were Lobophyton sp., Sinularia sp., Subergorgia sp. And Echinogorgia sp. Among the marine invertebrates, 15 species of sponges, 1 species of hydrozoans, 3 species of sea anemones, 1 species of jelly fish, 1 species of zoantharians, 1 species of flatworms, 2 species of tube worms, 1 species of shrimp, 13 species of crabs, 3 species of prawns, 4 species of barnacles, 59 species of gastropods, 25 species of bivalve, 1 species of cephalopods and 1 species of echinoderms were recorded. 4 species of reptiles. 2 variety of sea turtle abundant here. 16 species of avifauna also recorded here.
No. of Plants/macroalgae recorded/estimated (List):
Mangrove and associated species of Avicennia sp., Ceriops sp., Rhizophora and Salvadora sp. A total of 12 species of coastal vegetation which belongs to 7 families and 10 genera were recorded. Island is covered with sparsely covered with Prosopis chilensi, Euphorbia nivulia, Commiphora wightii, Grewia tenax, Salvadora persica, Capparis deciduas and Acacia nilotica. Tree species like Bauhihina Sp., Acacia nilotica, Acacia Senegal, Prosopis cineraria, Salvadora Oleoides and Cordia gharaf. Scrub species like Cadaba fruticosa, Capparis deciduas, Maerua oblongifolia, Grewia tenax, Maytenus emarginata and Zizyphus nummmularia. Sarcostemma acidium recorded to occur rarely. Other species like Leptodenia pyrotechnica, Clerodendrum multiforum, Grewia villosa, Crotolaria burhia and Lycium barburum were not so commonly recorded. In the herbaceous cover, commonly occurring species were Cleome viscose, Polygala erioptera, Polycarpaea spicata, Corchorus depressus, Alysiccarpus sp., Indigofera cordifolia and Boerhavia sp.
Area: 500 ha
Population of Dwellers: 0
Threats to the Island:
In addition to the calcareous sand and coral removal in the past by the Dig Vijay Cement factory, Illegal cutting and camel grazing of mangroves was also reported in the past. Evidences show fishing on coral reef and in creeks.
Any other pertinent information:
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